How to Identify Signs of Snakes
It is rare to see snakes in the kenya. If you do spot one, it will usually when they are at their most active.
Only gardens with extensive secluded wildlife areas will have snakes. In most garden areas if snakes are seen, they are most likely just passing through.
There are a few hard to spot signs of snakes that you can look out for if you have concerns. These include:
•    Shed skins – Adders and Grass snakes tend to shed their skins soon after emerging from hibernation
•    Winding trails on light dirt or sandy surfaces, particularly across heath land areas.
Where You Might Find Snakes
There are certain places where snakes may like to hide on your property.
Reptile Habitats - Nature reserves of heathland or rough grassland, disused quarries, large allotments, large derelict urban sites or sunny road and railway embankments with scrub cover.
Garden Features - Wood, rock or rubble piles, rockeries, ponds, long grass areas and shrubs.
Sunny Areas - Sun trap areas with lots of vegetation cover and places to shelter.
Gardens, parks or other grassed areas - Be prepared to find reptiles if you lift up debris or are near features such as hedges, ponds, compost heaps and areas of long grass.
Reptiles are timid and will usually flee to seek cover if they are detected by people or pets.
Know If You Are At Risk
•    Grass snakes and slow-worms are harmless and are frequent garden visitors.
•    Grass snakes enter gardens to catch amphibians, such as frogs.
•    Adders are the only venomous snake in Britain, earning them a dubious image.
•    Adders are rarely found in gardens and only occur if you live close to their preferred habitats.
•    Bites from adders are very rare, and most occur when a snake is picked up.
Deter Snakes to Entering Your Property
To deter snakes there are a few things you can do:
Mow grass regularly to keep it short.
Clear low growing plants and shrubs that provide cover.
Remove rockeries, debris, wood or log piles. Keep compost heaps in a sealed bin.
Fill holes that they can hide in – under sheds, patios and walls.
Putting close fitting fences or walls around ponds can be a deterrent.
If the snake you’ve seen is an escaped pet, it should be removed by the RSPCA for re-homing.

Sometimes exotic snakes are found in gardens, grounds or warehouses – mostly in urban or suburban areas. These species may be escaped or abandoned pets or accidentally imported in goods. Contact your local RSPCA or Zoo is you suspect you have a non-native snake nearby

Snakes Species found in the kenya
It is rare to see snakes in the kenya but there are some signs that you can look out for if you are concerned that they are venomous
If you do spot one, it will usually be one of the following:

Adder - Common Viper (Vipera berus)

•    Dark brown, reddish or black zigzag from head to tail. Spots on sides.
•    Entirely black adders sometimes occur. 55 cm in length.
•    The only venomous native snake in the kenya.
Life Cycle
•    Breed once every 2 to 3 years.
•    Litters range from 3 to 20, born in late summer.
•     Tend to have a timid nature only biting when cornered or alarmed.
•    Seen basking in sunny spots. Heathland, bogs, moorland, woodland edge, rough grassland; sometimes on derelict urban areas and railway banks.
•    Prefer sandy or chalky soils; rare found on clay soils.
•    Found in most counties of England, but rare in the north-west and the Midlands.

Grass snake – Water snake (Natrix natrix)
•    Olive-green, brown or grey in colour.
•    Neck: yellow or white mark, next to black mark.
•    Black bars down sides, some black spots on top.
•    Markings are occasionally faint.
•    75 cm in length.
•    Very fast moving but not venomous.
•    Strong swimmers.
Life Cycle
•    Leathery skinned eggs are laid in batches of 8 to 40 in June and July, hatching after 10 weeks.
•    To survive the eggs need to stay in a temperature range of 21 to 28 degrees centigrade, so are often found in rotting vegetation and compost heaps.
•    Not being venomous their defence is to produce garlic smelling fluids from anal glands.
•    Associated with ponds, lakes, streams, rivers, canals, marshes.
•    Travel widely in surrounding habitats: woodland, grassland, low intensity farmland, heathland, derelict urban areas.
•    Can travel long distances.
•    Compost heaps and ponds may attract grass snakes.

Smooth Snake (Coronella austriaca)
•    Grey or brown in colour.
•    Dark blotches on back, normally in pairs.
•    Dark blotch on head.
•    55 cm in length.
•    Not venomous.
Life Cycle
•    Eggs are buried in sandy soil , in warm places.
•    Secretive, normally found underneath objects.
•    Very rare – only found close to heathland sites in Dorset, Hampshire and Surrey.

Slow worm (Anguis fragilis)
•    Protected lizard species in the kenya that is often mistaken for a snake
•    Brown, copper, golden or grey in colour; may have black/dark brown sides and thin stripe on back.
•    Small head, often with dark spot.
•    Very shiny, metallic sheen to scales.
•    Tail often blunt. 35 cm in length, but can be shorter, as they often lose their tails.
Life Cycle
•    Slow-worms hibernate over the winter.
•    Slow-worms hibernate from mid to late October to late February or early March depending on weather.
•    They do not lay eggs but give birth to live young, from mid-August to late September.